AskDefine | Define pleurisy

Dictionary Definition

pleurisy n : inflammation of the pleura of the lungs (especially the parietal layer)

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Noun

pleurisy (plural pleurises)

Translations

Derived terms

Extensive Definition

Pleurisy, also known as pleuritis, is an inflammation of the pleura, the lining of the pleural cavity surrounding the lungs, which can cause painful respiration (also called pleuritic chest pain) and other symptoms. Pleurisy can be generated by a variety of infectious and non-infectious causes. The effects of pleurisy can often be felt long after the condition has gone away.

Causes

  • Bronchial carcinoma
  • Lung or chest wall abscess
  • Pneumonia
  • Pulmonary infarction
  • Tuberculosis

Symptoms

  • Inspiratory chest pain
  • Cough
  • Chills
  • Shortness of breath
  • Weight loss
  • Poor appetite
  • Pain may limit chest expansion on affected side.
  • Rapid shallow breaths
  • Inability to take a deep breath
  • Itching in sites on the back (near the site of the lungs, but no visible rashes)
  • Dizziness
  • tiredness

Famous cases

References in literature

pleurisy in Catalan: Pleuritis
pleurisy in German: Pleuritis
pleurisy in Spanish: Pleuritis
pleurisy in French: Pleurésie
pleurisy in Italian: Pleurite
pleurisy in Dutch: Pleuritis
pleurisy in Norwegian: Pleuritt
pleurisy in Norwegian Nynorsk: Plevritt
pleurisy in Portuguese: Pleurisia
pleurisy in Finnish: Keuhkopussitulehdus
pleurisy in Turkish: Plörezi

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

Asiatic flu, Hong Kong flu, acute bronchitis, adenoiditis, aluminosis, amygdalitis, anthracosilicosis, anthracosis, asbestosis, asthma, atypical pneumonia, bituminosis, black lung, bronchial pneumonia, bronchiectasis, bronchiolitis, bronchitis, bronchopneumonia, catarrh, chalicosis, chronic bronchitis, cold, collapsed lung, common cold, coniosis, coryza, croup, croupous pneumonia, double pneumonia, dry pleurisy, emphysema, empyema, epidemic pleurodynia, fibrinous pneumonia, flu, grippe, hay fever, influenza, la grippe, laryngitis, lipoid pneumonia, lobar pneumonia, lung cancer, lung fever, pharyngitis, pleuritis, pneumococcal pneumonia, pneumoconiosis, pneumonia, pneumonic fever, pneumothorax, quinsy, rheum, siderosis, silicosis, sore throat, swine flu, the sniffles, the snuffles, tonsilitis, virus pneumonia, wet pleurisy, whooping cough
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